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Some tips about avoiding bad breath

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Bad breath can be a serious issue. No one wants to be known as having bad breath. However, brushing regularly and mouthwash may not always be effective. Here are some tips about avoiding bad breath.

If you are suffering from bad breath, brushing and rinsing your mouth may not be an effective remedy. There are many reasons why people have bad breath.

Besides eating potent foods such as onions and garlic, most dentists have found that the top bad breath contributors are a dry mouth or sinus infection. Even if you are following an oral hygiene regiment, these two contributors can still cause bad breath.

If you have dry mouth you can easily counter by constantly keeping your mouth moist by a lozenge or drinking water regularly However, if you have a sinus infection, you will need to see a doctor for a prescription to rid yourself of it.. Most people don’t even realize that they have a sinus infection, but bad breath can be an indicator of one.

So if you are trying to avoid embarrassment look into these tips or see your dentist or doctor to avoid bad breath.

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How to ensure an autoclave functions to its optimum?

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In order to provide the highest standards in infection control, a perfectly maintained autoclave or sterilizer is of utmost importance.

While most surgical instruments nowadays are manufactured from stainless steel, care and attention is still required to enable the instruments to provide better services and to ensure that they remain in the best condition even after a prolonged period of use.

Here are some simple but important operational steps to be followed to ensure your steam autoclave works to the desired purpose and to ensure they would be well maintained.

Instruments to be autoclaved are to be done so in distilled water, tap water or soft ware as hard water have the tendency to leave behind deposits on the instruments, and affect the joints of the instruments, often making them stiff.

After the instruments are used, clean and decontaminate all instruments in cold or lukewarm water. The primary purpose of doing so is to ensure that the instruments do not become stained and so that the joints do not become stiff.

Generally, put the instruments that are to be sterilized into the dressing drum of the autoclave, making sure that the holes of the dressing drum are opened to allow the steam to enter the dressing drum and reach the instruments to be sterilized, and place the drum into the autoclave.

After placing the lid on the container, tighten the lid by opposite locking nuts.

As soon as the pressure gauge shows a pressure of 2lbs, allow the enclosed air to escape by opening the air exhaust valve.

As the pressure reaches to about 15 lbs or the equivalent of 1.05 kgf per square cm, the main safety valve will automatically come into operation and start blowing off excess steam maintaining pressure of 15 lbs inside the autoclave.

To open the container, apply some firm force by holding the lid handle and turn it towards the right, till both the arrow marks on the lid and container co-incide. Then lift and remove the lid using the lifting handle.

When unloading an autoclave, it is a good idea to open the door and wait 10 minutes in order to assure proper evaporation and drying before removing the cart.

The most frequent reason for sterilization failure is lack of contact between the steam and the germs that you are trying to kill.

Air usually moves to the bottom of the autoclave because it is heavier than steam and is then forced out through the drain.

It is essential that packs are placed on their sides to make sure that the air is not trapped and cannot escape.

It is also easier for the air to be forced downwards between the packs than to go through the many layers of packs that have been placed flat.

By operating the autoclave using an operational checklist, and by maintaining an operational log, it is possible to reduce human errors of operation and to troubleshoot difficulties that arise during operation.

Where it is a health service such as a hospital that requires sterilization service, a Central Supplies And Stores Department or CSSD manned by qualified and experienced CSSD technicians and nurses will be necessary to enable the highest standard of health care and to ensure the surgical instruments and supplies are well sterilized, enabling the autoclaves to have the optimum lifespan of service as they are well taken care of and maintained.

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Are autism increasing over time?

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Autism Research:

Autism can be defined as an abnormal absorption with the self, which is marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people. It drastically affects a person’s behavior with others as well as with self. The person suffering from autism is unable to relate to the world or comprehend it. An autistic often suffers from learning disabilities. A research shows that autism has increases as much as ten times over the last decade. Many researches have been carried out by psychologists and researchers to understand how an autistic’s mind functions and what is the wiring in the brain like.

Causes an symptoms of autism:

Most researchers believe that there are no definite reasons for autism to develop. It is more often than not genetically inherited. Also this disorder can be caused due to inappropriate before and after birth conditions. Any kind of damage caused to the brain can lead to autism.

The symptoms of autism are complex; hence diagnosis cannot be done very easily. During the early stages of autism, it becomes difficult to spot it, however as it goes on the becoming more and more severe, clear behavior differences can be noted. The person’s social interaction becomes greatly affected. An autistic shows an array of symptoms, including problems interacting with other people and repetitive behaviors. There are many autism research centers.

What does autism research aim at?

These researchers try to determine causes and treatments and prevention for autism. Researchers at the new center will seek to develop ways to identify different subcategories of autism. These researches are essential as allow clinicians to tailor interventions and make predictions about a child’s future functioning. Some researches believe that autistic children can be cured and these children can grow up and lead lives as normal adults.

The researchers have also differentiated between 2 categories of autism, complex and essential. These categories are studied and separate treatments are drawn. The children require quiet atmosphere to concentrate and learn social skill. Given a chance to have specialized education and structured support these children can be completely treated of the disorder.

Autism Education:

Autism is a brain disorder that begins in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood which affects three crucial areas of development that are communication and language, social interaction, and creative or imaginative play.

Education for autism:

Past two decades, many effective strategies have been developed to teach children and teenagers who have been diagnosed with autism but however not everyone involved in education or even special education is knowledgeable about all these methods.  Few teachers work in an autism-specific classroom and most are responsible for classes where a variety of disabilities is represented.  Now a days overworked and stressed teachers may not have the time or the resources to implement an effective program for every child hence it is important for parents to develop a sense of their child’s learning style, and to educate themselves about what strategies will best help their child to succeed in school. At last parents are said to be the best teacher of their child. Some education centers or organization listed below:

* The Autism Education Network’s mission is to improve public special education programs and to influence public policy that affects individuals with autism and this mission uses new technology and the Internet to connect in order to empower people that affect to change.

* The TEACCH (treatment and education of autistic and related communication handicapped children) mission helps to enable individuals with autism to function as meaningfully and as independently as possible in the community and they also provide exemplary services throughout North Carolina to individuals with autism and their families and those who serve and support them.

* NECC – 30 Years of Autism Education in New England

The New England Center for Children (NECC), a school for autism located 20 miles west of Boston in Southborough, Massachusetts is a private, nonprofit autism education center dedicated to bringing out human potential and creating productive lives for children with autism. Since 1975, this school provides state-of-the-art autism education and individualized treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), and Asperger’s Syndrome.

* RAE(resource in autism education ) is an organization committed to providing the highest quality behavioral intervention services to children diagnosed with autism and related Pervasive Development Disorders and also empowers people with autism.

Hence these organizations help autistic people to improve them.

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Is there a cure for autism?

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Autism is a complex neurological disorder that dramatically affects people’s behaviors and social interactions. The disorder can be revealed in early childhood, by the age of 3. Although the first signs of autism can sometimes be identified in infants, the disorder is usually discovered at a later stage of life. Autistic children present a wide range of behavioral abnormalities, and they can be easily identified among normal children. While normal young children long for the presence of their parents and love to play in the company of other kids, autistic children are very indifferent, showing no interest to the people around them.

Egocentrism is a major behavioral characteristic of children with autism, who may even ignore the presence of their mothers or caretakers, avoiding any form of interaction with them. In early childhood, autistics develop repetitive, stereotype behaviors and become very upset if their routine is perturbed. In many cases, autistic children may also engage in self-harm activities such as head-banging.

The communication skills of autistic children are also impaired. While some children with autism may refuse to speak at all, others experience pronounced difficulties in expressing themselves. Autistics are generally withdrawn, passive, and low-responsive. In many cases, they even avoid making eye contact with other people.

Autism can be anywhere from mild to very pronounced. Children who suffer from milder forms of autism are usually very intelligent. For this category of children, the disorder only affects their emotional intelligence and their social interaction skills, leaving their judgment intact. Hence, while these children may have poor adaptation and social interaction skills, they may have a very good logic, excelling at math or in other similar areas. In many cases, autistics may even have remarkable talent for visual arts or music. At the opposite pole, children with severe autism also suffer from mental retardation. The development of mentally retarded autistic children is very slow and these children rarely make any progress.

Although the exact causes of autism haven’t yet been identified by medical science, it is believed that genetic factors have a very important role in the occurrence of the disorder. Autism involves abnormalities at the level of the central nervous system which are suspected to occur on the premises of genetic dysfunctions.

Considering the fact that there is no cure for autism, medical treatments available today can’t reverse the neurological damage caused by the disorder. However, what medical treatments can do is to minimize the undesirable effects of autism. If children with autism are prescribed an appropriate medical treatment, their development can be supported and their symptoms can be kept under control.

With the aid of medical treatments and the support of their families, autistic children can eventually be integrated into the society.

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How to address the situation of autistic children?

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Have you ever felt difficulty in expressing yourself? Have you ever come across a point in your life when words are not enough to give justice to what you feel?

Education

They say that knowledge is power. This is one power that cannot be divested or taken away from you. It is also only through proper education and training that a person can get hold of knowledge.

A person equipped with the knowledge and enough drive to pursue a field or goal can easily fulfill his or her potential. You can climb the corporate ladder. You can influence people. You can gain enough respect and reputation.

If knowledge is really the key, what about the others whose conditions would not allow it? Take autism for example. Its cause up to now is still not definite but it has been perceived by many people as disabling.

Autism

Autism is actually a condition that involves nerve development. The discrepancy of the development manifests in the behavior of the kid: communication, social skills and repetitive mannerisms. Autistic children often fail to respond to the world around them. As such, they are regarded for having a world of their own.

However, this is not to be regarded as a disease or ailment that will render the person entirely incapable. Some families that have a child diagnosed with autism undergo depression, withdrawal or despair. Parents get too engrossed with the problem that they overlook the alternatives. The special conditions or the limitations of a child with the autistic syndrome may be addressed properly.

The worry over providing the proper care and education to an autistic child is one of the many obstacles that will have to be confronted. As such for any family dealing with the condition, it is important to provide early interventions so as to facilitate a faster progress.

Providing Education to Autistic Children

There are many teaching methods that have been developed to address the situation of autistic children. The method would of course depend on the needs and capabilities of the child, whether the autism is mild or not.

Primarily, the parents think it is best to send the child to a special education institution if the local school does not have a special program. Institutions focusing on autism will also help in providing autism-specific classrooms. In such instances, the teacher will focus to the needs of the autistic child. There would be no other disorders to be addressed. It is also best to keep the teacher from being stressed or overworked. The teacher must be emotionally and physically up and about.

Also, there are cases of autism that will still make it helpful to attend regular schools. Some school districts have provided support to make the teachers and student body more aware of such situations. Some parents of autistic kids also work together to ensure that the needs of the kids will be met within the school boundaries.

Finally, we should constantly remind ourselves that education starts at home. The parents must properly comprehend and grasp the situation of the child. They should also consider the aspects and effects of the autistic condition and how they can properly address the development of the child. These are some of the few things that must be aimed for: understanding the behavior, knowing the proper response, encouraging new ones, dealing with the social problems, working and playing together.

There should also be considerable cooperation between the parents and the teachers or professionals to ensure that the problems of the child will be addressed. Parents should know the learning styles of the child and keep themselves informed of the various strategies that would help the child succeed.

Getting the kid in the appropriate educational institution would be very helpful. Still it is the family that will reinforce and support the child to progress.

We are living in a very fast world. The world keeps getting smaller and smaller as technologies are improved and knowledge is progressed. It is very easy to amuse ourselves, to fulfill our needs and even get what we want. However, in this fast-paced life not everyone will be able to catch up. Some may be left behind, not because they choose to be, but because their conditions limit them.

We should not limit this world only to the able. We should also learn to embrace and enable those who are limited by their existence.

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Multiple ways to alleviate the attacks of random pain

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There are very few unpleasant physical sensations that can occur with such unpredictability as cramps. This painful sensation is caused by several internal body conditions and external factors. Possible causes include overexertion of the muscle in question, prolonged exposure to cold temperatures, side effects of muscle spasms, and certain illnesses. Cramps usually come suddenly without warning or other symptoms.

The most common treatment for cramps would be stretching the afflicted muscle, though soft massage has also been known to help. Since some cramps are caused by poor circulation, heat is often applied. The heat has the effect of improving circulation in the given area, which can help alleviate the problem in most cases. Heat can also help alleviate the problem if it was caused by prolonged exposure to lower temperatures, but this is not always the case. A lack of oxygenation is also listed among the possible causes, though it is generally accepted that this is among the rarer ones. Certain minerals, or the absence thereof, have been tied to the problem as well, with potassium being the most notable. Potassium has been known to help prevent cramps, so nutritionists often advise foods such as bananas, prunes, and potatoes to people who regularly have this sort of problem. According to findings, potassium aids in preventing all forms of cramps.

There are several types of cramps, one of them affecting smooth muscles in the internal systems of the body. Among the potential areas of this are the uterus, the heart, and the intestine. Several other internal organs may experience sensations of this sort. This type is sometimes considered to be closely related to menstrual cramps, but the two are not necessarily caused by the same factors despite the similar physical sensations caused. This variety occurs in muscles that the person does not have direct control over. Predominantly, this occurs to internal organs, but involuntary muscle tissue may also be affected, depending on the circumstances.

Perhaps the most common form would be the nocturnal leg cramps. These occur with random frequency in people and are often best alleviated by stretching the muscle in question until the pain subsides. The duration can vary, with some lasting a few minutes while others only register in the brain for a few seconds before disappearing, though the muscles tend to be sore for some time afterwards. The cause of this has yet to be determined, though some have suggested that a lack of certain minerals, prolonged sitting, and dehydration to be potential causes.

Due to the apparently random nature of the problem, cramps can often be used as a plot device in murder-mystery story or a convenient excuse to get out of doing something. It is worth nothing that using it as an excuse is often ill-advised because as random as the nature of the problem can be, the duration is about as fickle. Most of the time, attacks of this problem last for no longer than a few minutes and, thus, can only prove to be a minor reprieve.

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Treating herpes viruses with Acyclovir

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are thousands of Americans who are infected with one of the most active virus known to man — the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). Scientists have been studying how the virus works because it is among the most difficult to control. The virus has spread to different countries around the world. It causes a variety of illnesses, including mucocutaneous infections. or herpes simplex virus (HSV), is one of the most common agents infecting humans of all ages.

There are two types of Herpes virus, namely: Type 1 Herpes which is carried by over 80 per cent of the population and is the culprit behind recurrent cold sores; and Type 2 Herpes which affects five to 20 per cent of the population. This type is often associated with genital herpes.

Studies show that genital herpes simplex virus infects more than 1 of 5 adolescents and adults. It is more common in blacks than in whites, and more likely to infect women than men. Most people with genital herpes don’t know they have it, and are unaware that they are spreading it to others. Many have no symptoms or mistake their symptoms for something else such as jock itch, insect bites, hemorrhoids, yeast infections, razor burn, or allergies to laundry detergent.

Infection in the genital region initially produces a painful, red, ulcerating crop of lesions that can spread over a wide area and may involve the perinuem and anus. Genital infection can also be associated with temporary numbness in the affected area, swelling glands in the groin, difficulty passing urine, and fever. Occasionally, primary infections such as these can also trigger viral meningitis.

Some years ago, genital herpes was diagnosed solely by visual inspection and laboratory culture of an active sore. Today, herpes may be diagnosed with a blood test, even when no symptoms are apparent or after sores have healed. Antiviral drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in reducing the infection.

There is no cure for any herpes viruses. Once a person caught a herpes virus it stays in the body for life although it is latent most of the time. However, a medication that can treat the outbreaks and symptoms of herpes as well as reduce future outbreaks is available.

Acyclovir is a drug used for the treatment of several conditions including herpes infections. Acyclovir medication is available over the counter and commonly known under the brand name Zovirax. Acyclovir medication Zovirax is usually used for the treatment of facial cold sores.

Acyclovir ointment is used topically to treat initial genital herpes where it has been shown to decrease pain, reduce healing time, and limit the spread of the infection. Acyclovir is also available as a prescription tablet used to treat genital herpes infections and to treat patients with recurrent severe genital herpes. The dosage will be determined by the doctor. It is very common to prescribe a 5-day course of 3 tablets a day taken with 4 hour intervals, but this may vary. It is very important not to miss any doses because the patient needs to keep the level of Acyclovir up in their body. This episodic treatment will reduce the severity, frequency and duration of the outbreak as well as reduce future outbreaks and reduce the risk of spreading. Acyclovir can also be used to treat chicken pox and acts to reduce the healing time, limit the number of lesions, and reduce fever if used within the first 24 hours after the onset of the disease.

However, before starting to take this medicine, it is vital for a person with herpes to consult a doctor. Most anti-viral medications should not be used without medical advice or doctor’s prescription.

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ATLAS: The athlete steroid use prevention program

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The two most common types of steroid abuses are – athlete steroid use and non athlete steroid use. Athlete steroid use means the use of anabolic steroids by athletes in competitive sports. Non athlete steroid use is the use of anabolic steroids for non athletic or cosmetic reasons.

Steroids are widely abused by athletes nowadays. The NIDA-supported Monitoring the Future studies have revealed the number of young athletes, students, and teens has always been on surge. According to Dr. Ro Nemeth-Coslett of NIDA’s Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, the athlete steroid use is more often among young people who are involved in physical training, because anabolic steroids can increase muscle mass, strength, and stamina.

The majority of adolescent boys in athlete steroid use include high school students, particularly those involved in athletics such as football or body building. National surveys have revealed that adolescent girls are also widely involved in athlete and non athlete steroid use.

According to Dr. Linn Goldberg of Oregon Health Sciences University, the adolescent girls involved in non athlete steroid use are the girls who seek to stay thin. The adolescent girls in non athlete steroid use include the girls engaged in athletic activities ranging from track and field, soccer, basketball, and volleyball to school dance and drill teams.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded “ADOLESCENTS TRAINING AND LEARNING TO AVOID STEROIDS (ATLAS) PROGRAM” was designed to combat athlete steroid use among young athletes. The ATLAS was aimed to lower the use of anabolic steroids among high school athletes and encourage healthy nutrition and exercise behavior. The program included classroom and weight-training sessions to educate student athletes the risk factors of athlete steroid use.

According to Dr. Linn Goldberg, who led the research team that developed and tested the program, The Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) program uses a team-oriented educational approach that motivates and empowers student athletes to stay away from athlete steroid use.

Dr. Goldberg articulates that the athlete steroid use prevention program – ATLAS is comprised of highly interactive classes and sessions to explore the effects of steroids, the elements of sports nutrition, and strength-training alternatives to athlete steroid use. The classes teach decision-making and drug-refusal skills to athletes. The coaches, who have a great influence on student athletes, play an important role in the athlete steroid use prevention program; the coaches introduce topics and wrap up each session.

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Health benefits of Atkins diet you didn’t know

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Advantages: lose weight fast, eat a lot of meat

Disadvantages: possible stomach/kidney problems, lack of energy

Recommended: yes

There are so many diet regimens offered in the market today. Each one has its own unique characteristics. Some of them work and others do not. The Atkins Diet is not actually new. In fact, it has been around for many years now and you can say it is not the “in” thing anymore.

The idea behind this diet is that you reduce your carbohydrate intake to the barest minimum. There are various stages in the diet. The first one is called the induction stage. This stage is where you practically starve yourself of any carbohydrate-containing food. The first day that I tried this, I felt myself shaking all over and I couldn’t do much anything else but sit down on the sofa! You get used to it though. Gradually, your body gets used to the decreased carbohydrate intake. After a couple of weeks, you can gradually increase your carbohydrate intake.

You must be very patient and disciplined in order for this diet to work for you. I had to learn the carbohydrate content of almost all food items while I was on this diet. You might also need to come up with a journal wherein you can list down everything that goes into your mouth – everything. That way you can keep track of your carbohydrate consumption for the day.

It is not as bad as it sounds because this diet focuses on high protein intake. That means you get to eat a lot of meat, eggs, and other such food. If you are a meat lover, then this diet might work out for you.

You might end up spending a lot more on your food though, as meat products and other high protein foods are more expensive than carbohydrate-rich foods such as rice and bread. Another disadvantage is that you might experience stomach and kidney problems. From my experience, I lost weight continuously and quickly as long as I stuck to my diet. However, after several months of being on it, I easily got sick and my stomach gave me problems. The doctor said that this is due to the lack of vitamins and minerals. So if you are going to try this out, make sure you have enough supplements to give you nutrients.

Another very important thing – Atkins works while you are on it. If you suddenly revert to your old eating habits, then expect to gain all the weight you lost back. As our doctors always say, a balanced diet, exercise, and a healthy lifestyle is the best way to keep a sensible weight.

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How to choose the right running shoes?

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If you are going running, you need running shoes, right? If you want to walk, then you’ll find what you need in the walking sneaker category. Most sports have their own shoe, which makes it a little easier for beginners to understand what is expected of them. If you’re playing your first game of golf with the boss, golf shoes are the way to go. Almost nobody buys bowling shoes unless they are planning on bowling all the time. Recreational bowlers need not go quite that far. It’s dizzying. It’s especially dizzying for a parent who is trying to support all of their child’s sporting interests. Showing up with the proper pair of shoes is equally as critical as remembering to pack them clean underwear before they go off for a sleep over.

Here’s the kicker, for the already hustled parent of today, these shoes become a little more complicated as outdoor sports are now also becoming indoor sports. Soccer can be played in either arena, and require two different pair of shoes. Football and baseball are spreading, granted slowly, into the indoor arenas of the world, also requiring new shoes.

Track is not quite the same thing as running and a cross country shoe is needed for those long distance runners. Remember when we were kids? We had a play pair and a dress pair. Ode to the simple life. It’s rather long gone. School leagues make all these shoes a requirement, which is fine for those who can afford it. Those who can’t are forced to deny their child the joy of playing sports, which can not only teach them a great deal but can also become a healthy lifestyle over some of the options available to idle children. Most of the time, the shoes, the uniform, the dues, and the tournament costs are enough to drive a parent into a second job. Swimming would be a good sport, but talk about pool fees. Swimming can be done for free at your local water’s edge!

Athletic footwear has, in the past twenty years or so, taken a huge leap forward. There is a valid reason for requiring all these shoes for all these sports. Through technological advancement, science, and interest, these shoes have each been designed for the optimum fit for the expected performance. Some sports require a lot of short burst of speed followed by on—a—dime—precision footwork. Others require more extensive bursts of speed. Some require a combination of both. Proper footwear helps to prevent injury. These new advancements in athletic footwear have only put a marginal nick in the number of emergency room trips for sprained ankles and torn ligaments, but they have shown extensive improvements in the large scale, long term injuries that can develop. The breaking down of cartilage, bone spurs, wear and tear on joints, and foot development problems have decreased significantly for both major athletes and those who participate in school sports.

What does this mean for the future of athletic footwear? Nothing outstanding. There will be more developed choices, the better than average brands, the chronic competition to be the best, and the increase in price as the quality matures. After all, the expense of knees and ankles is definitely worth the cost of an excellent pair of athletic shoes.

So this raises the question—when is it necessary to start plunking down large chunks of change for the correct athletic shoe, the best athletic shoe, and the eternal “latest and greatest” athletic shoe? I mean, should I run to the store and blow $150 because my kid says he wants to play basketball, only to find out a month later that basketball made us aware of his vertical challenges? Now he thinks soccer might be his game. My personal belief, and I have many that are highly unpopular, is that you get the best you possibly can for the level of play. Yes, I believe that a fourth grader should have the proper equipment, even if he is just dabbling in the sport to figure out whether or not it’s his game. Having the right shoes with the right fit can go a long way against injury, which is why most sporting organizations and schools require them.